Epithelial Basement Membrane Dystrophy (EBMD)

Statistics and Associations

  • Most common hereditary corneal dystrophy
  • Bilateral with early onset (age 30); slight female predilection
  • May lead to scarring and decreased vision in severe cases
  • 10% of patients with EBMD have corneal erosions and 50% of recurrent corneal erosion patients have EBMD


  • Generally no treatment, unless recurrent erosion develops
  • May consider artificial tears and/or hypertonic ointment at night to decrease risk of erosions